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BADGES, PATCHES and other INSIGNIA

Greek Orders

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Greek Orders

Unread postby valtrex » Thu Mar 30, 2006 11:57 am

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The Order of the Redeemer (Tagma tou Soteeros)

The Order of the Redeemer is the most important Greek Order. Its establishment was decided upon in 1829, the final year of the Revolution, by the Fourth Greek National Assembly in Argos. The first recipient of the Grand Cross of the Order was King Ludwig I of Bavaria, the father of King Otto, in 1833.
This Order was for about 80 years the only Greek Order. The name and form of the insignia were chosen as a reminder that with the Lord's help and support the Greek nation was liberated.
The form of the insignia has altered in several respects in the 170 years since the establishment of the Order. Today, the insignia consists of a white enamelled cross, set on a wreath, one half of which is an oak branch and the other half a laurel branch. In the centre of the cross there is a picture of the Redeemer, also made of enamel, which is surrounded by the inscription "IN THY RIGHT HAND, LORD, THE POWER AND THE GLORY". The reverse carries the inscription "THE 4th NATIONAL ASSEMBLY OF THE HELLENES AT ARGOS - 1829".
The stars of the Grand Cross and the Grand Commander have eight radiating points and in the centre is a picture of the Redeemer. The first stars were embroidered. Later, stars made of silver prevailed, as is the case today. The ribbon which accompanies the insignia of the Order is light blue, with a narrow white border on both edges.
Like the other Greek Orders, the Order of the Redeemer consists of five classes: the Grand Cross (Megalostavros), the Grand Commander (Megas Taxiarches), the Commander (Taxiarches), the Gold and Silver Cross (Chrysous & Argyrous Stavros)

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The Order of Honour (Tagma tes Timees)

The Order of Honour was established in 1975, replacing the Order of George I which had been abolished. It ranks second in order of priority.
It is conferred on Greek citizens who have distinguished themselves in their efforts on behalf of their country in all sectors of public administration, commerce, shipping, industry, science and arts and letters. It is also conferred on foreigners who are judged worthy and have contributed to enhancing Greece's stature abroad.
The final form of the insignia was laid down by Presidential decree in 1984. The cross of the Order is of deep blue enamel. In the centre, the head of the goddess, Athena, is depicted in relief. The head is surrounded by a white enamel band, bearing the inscription "ONLY THE RIGHTEOUS SHOULD BE HONOURED".
The star of the Grand Cross and the Grand Commander has eight radiating points with a blue enamelled cross. On the reverse side of the cross is the emblem of the Hellenic Republic on white enamel, and inscribed in gold letters "HELLENIC REPUBLIC 1975", the year of the Order's founding.
The ribbon accompanying the insignia is, like the cross, a deep blue colour and has a narrow gold border on both edges.
Like the other Orders, the Order of Honour consists of five classes: the Grand Cross, the Grand Commander, the Commander, the Gold and Silver Cross.

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The Order of the Phoenix (Tagma tou Phoenikos)

The Order of the Phoenix was established in 1926 to replace the previously existing Order of George I (which was re-established in 1935 with the restoration of the monarchy, only to be abolished once more in 1975). The Order is named after the mythical bird, the Phoenix.
Until 1927 both Greeks and foreigners could be admitted into the Order. When in 1927 the Constitution forbade the conferring of decorations on Greek citizens, the Order continued to recognize the services rendered by foreigners.
After the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1935 and in accordance with the law of 19-4-1935 the Order could once again be conferred on Greek citizens.
Nowadays it is awarded to Greeks who have distinguished themselves in the fields of public administration, science, arts and letters, commerce, industry and shipping. It is also conferred on foreigners who have contributed to improving Greece's stature abroad in the above fields.
The insignia of the Order of the Phoenix is cross-shaped. It is made of white enamel and on the cross the mythical phoenix with open wings is depicted in relief, rising out of the flames. The phoenix is also depicted in relief in the centre of the star. The reverse side of the cross bears the emblem of the Hellenic Republic.
The ribbon which accompanies the insignia is deep orange with a narrow black border on both edges.
Like the other Orders the Order of the Phoenix consists of five classes: the Grand Cross, the Grand Commander, the Commander, the Gold and Silver Cross

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The Order of Beneficence (Tagma Ephpoeias)

The Order of Beneficence (Order for Good Deeds) was established in 1948, following the death of King George II, in accordance with his wishes. For two years, from 1973-1975, the Order was abolished, but was re-established by the law 106/1975.
The insignia of the Order of Beneficence is awarded only to women, Greek and foreign, for exceptional services rendered to Greece, for charitable acts and for outstanding achievements in the arts and letters.
The insignia is flower-shaped, with five blue enamel petals with long narrow sepals of green enamel between them. In the centre of the flower there is a picture of the Virgin Mary holding the Infant Jesus in her arms. This picture is surrounded by a white enamel band upon which the word "BENEFICENCE" is inscribed in gold letters. The reverse side bears the emblem of the Hellenic Republic, encircled by the inscription "HELLENIC REPUBLIC".
The stars of the Grand Cross and of the Grand Commander have eight radiating points and the obverse side of both bears a picture of the Virgin Mary. The ribbon which accompanies the insignia is yellow with a blue border on both edges.
Like the other Orders, the Order of Beneficence consists of five classes: the Grand Cross, the Grand Commander, the Commander, the Gold and Silver Cross
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Unread postby valtrex » Thu Mar 30, 2006 12:02 pm

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Unread postby Marcus K » Thu Apr 06, 2006 5:03 pm

The basic outline of the Order of the Redeemer looks as it has been borrowed from the French Legion of Honour.
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Unread postby valtrex » Thu Apr 06, 2006 6:39 pm

Marcus K wrote:The basic outline of the Order of the Redeemer looks as it has been borrowed from the French Legion of Honour.


Actually it has! (France has always exercised a "mysterious" influence upon Greece. Maybe it's because many French came down here, fought & died for our national cause in 1821...I don't know)

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Unread postby valtrex » Thu Apr 06, 2006 7:06 pm

Offcourse, one might say the same thing for the US Legion of Merit also:

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Unread postby Comte » Tue Sep 25, 2007 8:23 pm

The order of redeemer with crown and especialy the star is one beauty.
Is the best and one of the most adorable that i own.
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Unread postby Comte » Fri Sep 25, 2009 8:56 pm

Here are some pictures with the first type of the order of the phenix in grand cross (1930 democratic period) and the order of the phoenix with swords ( king Paul )

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Unread postby Comte » Fri Sep 25, 2009 10:50 pm

The grand commander of the phoenix with words.
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