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EUROPE - MILITARY BRANCH & RANK INSIGNIA

Spain: Army Rank Insignia 1908

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Spain: Army Rank Insignia 1908

Unread postby Luke2 » Fri Aug 16, 2013 3:42 pm

Tierra 1908.png
Tierra 1908.png (51.36 KiB) Viewed 6788 times


This is the situation at the beginning of the 20th century. There where only two categories, officers and enlisted. The enlisted had only four ranks; private, pfc, corporal and sergeant. Brigadier Generals had one silver star, while Major Generals had one gold star.

Source: http://www.foropolicia.es/foros/divisas ... 04959.html
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Spain: Army Rank Insignia 1912

Unread postby Luke2 » Fri Aug 16, 2013 3:49 pm

Tierra 1912.png

In 1912 the enlisted category was divided into primary enlisted and secondary enlisted. The first category contained privates, pfc and corporals; the second category sergeants and the new ranks of brigada and suboficial.

Source: as above.
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Spain: Army Rank Insignia 1931

Unread postby Luke2 » Fri Aug 16, 2013 3:57 pm

Tierra 1931.png

The republican government abolished the top generals ranks, and removed the crown from the rank insignia of the two general ranks kept.

An NCO corps was created containing subteniente (new), subayudante (previous suboficial), brigada and sargento primero (new).

Enlisted now contained sergeant, corporal, pfc and private.

Source: as above.

I will continue with the remaining developments until 2013 another day. Those of you who are eager to see what has happened can go to the original source. /Luke
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Spain: Army Rank Insignia 1934-1943

Unread postby Luke2 » Sat Aug 17, 2013 9:08 pm

In 1934 the ranks of Subayudante and Sargento Primero was abolished, and Sargento became a NCO rank. The rank of Subteniente was abolished in 1935. 1939 the two top general ranks where restored. 1940 Cabo Primero was added to the enlisted ranks. The crowns above the generals' rank stars where returned in 1942. The following year, the white star of General de Brigada was changed into a yellow, and the number of stars was increased with one for each rank above.

Tierra 1943.png


Source: as above, where images of the situation after each of these changes can be found.
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Spain: Army Rank Insignia 1960-1986

Unread postby Luke2 » Sun Aug 18, 2013 4:17 pm

The ranks of Primo Sargento and Subteniente where reintroduced in 1960. With the death of Franco and the factual re-establishment of monarchy, the Bourbon crowns where restored to the generals' rank insignia in 1976. In 1986 the placement of the rank insignia was moved from the cuffs, to the epaulets.
Tierra 1986.png
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Spain: Army Rank Insignia 1989

Unread postby Luke2 » Sun Aug 18, 2013 4:21 pm

1989 saw the introduction of a new top NCO rank: Suboficial Mayor, and a new rank insignia for Subteniente. The rank of Soldado de Primera is abolished about the same time.
Tierra 1989.png
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Spain: Army Rank Insignia 1996

Unread postby Luke2 » Sun Aug 18, 2013 4:29 pm

The beginning transformation of the Spanish army from a conscript army to a volunteer army is shown by the introduction of special rank insignia that separates national servicemen from professional soldiers in the most junior ranks. Soldado profesional is given the old rank insignia of Pfc, and replacement corporal is placed between this rank and corporal.
Tierra 1996.png
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Spain: Army Rank Insignia 1999-2000

Unread postby JMRamos » Mon Aug 19, 2013 1:57 pm

1999 would see yet another rank adjustment. By that year the Captain General rank became a 5-star rank, as always held by the King of Spain in his constitutional duty as Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces, and the 4 star rank became that of a General of the Army.

The rank of Corporal Major, created that same year, became the highest enlisted rank, and the rank of Private First Class was reinstated.

There were no changes in the NCO ranks.

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Re: Spain: Army Rank Insignia 1908

Unread postby Luke2 » Tue Aug 20, 2013 7:35 pm

Thanks for the input JMRamos. Please continute with the remaining changes, your are more knowledgeable than me. /Luke
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Spain: Army Rank Insignia 2002-2013

Unread postby JMRamos » Fri Aug 23, 2013 2:38 am

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The 2002 rank system abolished the special enlisted ranks and mirrored the complete professionalization of the ground forces.

In 2006, the Defense Ministry ordered a halt on all future PFC promotions in the Army (but not in the other services), thus the rank is now held in abeyance in the Army only.

Image

As the current (2013) rank system shows, the Ensign rank is now also held in abeyance only by active officers, as the rank is now used by graduate students of the General Military Academy.
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Re: Spain: Army Rank Insignia 1908

Unread postby JMRamos » Mon Sep 23, 2013 3:34 pm

On to the army officer cadet and cadet NCO insignia:

Image

Notice the difference on the chevrons of officer and NCO cadets.
Last edited by JMRamos on Mon Sep 23, 2013 3:41 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Spain: Army Rank Insignia 1908

Unread postby JMRamos » Mon Sep 23, 2013 3:40 pm

Now to the Spanish Navy ranks of today.

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Re: Spain: Army Rank Insignia 1908

Unread postby JMRamos » Wed Sep 10, 2014 2:49 pm

These are from the General Branch, and now towards the Navy Corps of Engineers, Specialists Branch and the Logistics Branch, all staff corps manned by officers with ratings provided by the General Branch.

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Re: Spain: Army Rank Insignia 1908

Unread postby JMRamos » Wed Sep 10, 2014 2:53 pm

Now to the Marine Corps. The Spanish Navy Marines, with roots taking back to the Tercio days, are the world's oldest Marine infantry formation.

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Unlike the Army, the Navy retains the rating of Seaman Apprentice and the Marine enlisted rank of Private First Class, and promotions still continue.
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Re: Spain: Army Rank Insignia 1908

Unread postby Luke2 » Wed Sep 10, 2014 8:59 pm

What does the Cuerpo de Especialistas do? /Luke
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Re: Spain: Army Rank Insignia 1908

Unread postby JMRamos » Thu Sep 11, 2014 1:19 am

The Specialist Corps are the Spanish Navy officers who serve in the various naval specialty arms.
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Re: Spain: Army Rank Insignia 1908

Unread postby Luke2 » Thu Sep 11, 2014 4:02 pm

Such as?
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Re: Spain: Army Rank Insignia 1908

Unread postby JMRamos » Fri Sep 12, 2014 1:34 am

Luke2 wrote:Such as?


Administration, armaments, ship propulsion, services, operations and ship navigation. They are graduates of a 3-year specialist officer course in the Naval Academy. smilies-01
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Re: Spain: Army Rank Insignia 1908

Unread postby Luke2 » Fri Sep 12, 2014 8:26 pm

Thanks!
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Re: Spain: Army Rank Insignia 1908

Unread postby JMRamos » Thu May 19, 2016 2:48 pm

Former ratings insignia of the NavyImage

Former ranks of the Navy Marines Image
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