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EUROPE - MILITARY MEDALS & DECORATIONS

Republic of Greece Orders

Army, Air Force, Navy, Marines

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Republic of Greece Orders

Unread postby valtrex » Sat Jan 06, 2007 10:43 pm

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The Order of the Redeemer/ΤΑΓΜΑ ΤΟΥ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ/Tagma tou Soteeros

Est: 1829
Classes: 5 (the Grand Cross/ΜΕΓΑΛΟΣΤΑΥΡΟΣ/Megalostavros, the Grand Commander/ΜΕΓΑΣ ΤΑΞΙΑΡΧΗΣ/Megas Taxiarches, the Commander/ΤΑΞΙΑΡΧΗΣ/Taxiarches, the Gold and Silver Cross/ΧΡΥΣΟΥΣ & ΑΡΓΥΡΟΥΣ ΣΤΑΥΡΟΣ/Chrysous & Argyrous Stavros)
Description: White enamelled cross, set on a wreath, one half of which is an oak branch and the other half a laurel branch. In the centre of the cross there is a picture of the Redeemer, also made of enamel, which is surrounded by the inscription "Η ΔΕΞΙΑ ΣΟΥ ΧΕΙΡ ΚΥΡΙΕ ΔΕΔΟΞΑΣΤΑΙ ΕΝ ΙΣΧΥΙ/IN THY RIGHT HAND, LORD, THE POWER AND THE GLORY". The reverse carries the inscription ""Η ΕΝ ΑΡΓΕΙ ΔΕ ΕΘΝΙΚΗ ΤΩΝ ΕΛΛΗΝΩΝ ΣΥΝΕΛΕΥΣΙΣ αωκθ/THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY OF THE HELLENES AT ARGOS 1829". The stars of the Grand Cross and the Grand Commander have eight radiating points and in the centre is a picture of the Redeemer. The first stars were embroidered. Later, stars made of silver prevailed, as is the case today.

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The Order of Honour/ΤΑΓΜΑ ΤΗΣ ΤΙΜΗΣ/Tagma tes Timees

Est: 1975 (replacing the Order of George I which had been abolished. It ranks second in order of priority)
Classes: 5 (the Grand Cross/ΜΕΓΑΛΟΣΤΑΥΡΟΣ/Megalostavros, the Grand Commander/ΜΕΓΑΣ ΤΑΞΙΑΡΧΗΣ/Megas Taxiarches, the Commander/ΤΑΞΙΑΡΧΗΣ/Taxiarches, the Gold and Silver Cross/ΧΡΥΣΟΥΣ & ΑΡΓΥΡΟΥΣ ΣΤΑΥΡΟΣ/Chrysous & Argyrous Stavros)
Description: Deep blue enamel cross. In the centre, the head of the goddess, Athena, is depicted in relief. The head is surrounded by a white enamel band, bearing the inscription "ΑΓΑΘΟΣ ΜΟΝΟΣ ΤΙΜΗΤΕΟΣ/ONLY THE RIGHTEOUS SHOULD BE HONOURED/Agathos Monos Timeteos". The star of the Grand Cross and the Grand Commander has eight radiating points with a blue enamelled cross. On the reverse side of the cross is the emblem of the Hellenic Republic on white enamel, and inscribed in gold letters "ΕΛΛΗΝΙΚΗ ΔΗΜΟΚΡΑΤΙΑ 1975/HELLENIC REPUBLIC 1975", the year of the Order's founding.

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The Order of the Phoenix/ΤΑΓΜΑ ΤΟΥ ΦΟΙΝΙΚΟΣ/Tagma tou Phoenikos

Est: 1926 (to replace the previously existing Order of George I, which was re-established in 1935 with the restoration of the monarchy, only to be abolished once more in 1975. The Order is named after the mythical bird, the Phoenix).
Classes: 5 (the Grand Cross/ΜΕΓΑΛΟΣΤΑΥΡΟΣ/Megalostavros, the Grand Commander/ΜΕΓΑΣ ΤΑΞΙΑΡΧΗΣ/Megas Taxiarches, the Commander/ΤΑΞΙΑΡΧΗΣ/Taxiarches, the Gold and Silver Cross/ΧΡΥΣΟΥΣ & ΑΡΓΥΡΟΥΣ ΣΤΑΥΡΟΣ/Chrysous & Argyrous Stavros)
Description: The insignia of the Order of the Phoenix is cross-shaped. It is made of white enamel and on the cross the mythical phoenix with open wings is depicted in relief, rising out of the flames. The phoenix is also depicted in relief in the centre of the star. The reverse side of the cross bears the emblem of the Hellenic Republic.

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The Order of Beneficence/ΤΑΓΜΑ ΕΥΠΟΙΪΑΣ/Tagma Ephpoeias

Est: 1948
Classes: 5 (the Grand Cross/ΜΕΓΑΛΟΣΤΑΥΡΟΣ/Megalostavros, the Grand Commander/ΜΕΓΑΣ ΤΑΞΙΑΡΧΗΣ/Megas Taxiarches, the Commander/ΤΑΞΙΑΡΧΗΣ/Taxiarches, the Gold and Silver Cross/ΧΡΥΣΟΥΣ & ΑΡΓΥΡΟΥΣ ΣΤΑΥΡΟΣ/Chrysous & Argyrous Stavros)
Description: The insignia of the Order of Beneficence is awarded only to women. The insignia is flower-shaped, with five blue enamel petals with long narrow sepals of green enamel between them. In the centre of the flower there is a picture of the Virgin Mary holding the Infant Jesus in her arms. This picture is surrounded by a white enamel band upon which the word "ΕΥΠΟΙΪΑ/BENEFICENCE" is inscribed in gold letters. The reverse side bears the emblem of the Hellenic Republic, encircled by the inscription "ΕΛΛΗΝΙΚΗ ΔΗΜΟΚΡΑΤΙΑ/HELLENIC REPUBLIC". The stars of the Grand Cross and of the Grand Commander have eight radiating points and the obverse side of both bears a picture of the Virgin Mary.

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Last edited by valtrex on Wed Jan 10, 2007 11:03 am, edited 1 time in total.
valtrex
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Unread postby Lukasz Gaszewski » Wed Jan 10, 2007 10:47 am

Thank you a lot for the photos. Is it true that the Order of the Redeemer is now an award to foreign nationals only while Greek nationals receive the Order of Honor instead? Have you heard of any Greek citizen that has recently been awarded with it?
Lukasz Gaszewski
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Unread postby valtrex » Wed Jan 10, 2007 11:29 am

Lukasz Gaszewski wrote:Thank you a lot for the photos. Is it true that the Order of the Redeemer is now an award to foreign nationals only while Greek nationals receive the Order of Honor instead? Have you heard of any Greek citizen that has recently been awarded with it?


Actually, the Order of the Redeemer is an award to both, Greek Nationals (living in Greece or abroad) & foreign nationals who offered their services to Greece (Law 19, May 20, 1833), especially in war times.
The Order of Honour is also awarded to Greek Nationals & foreigners (Law 106, August 18, 1975), with contribution to the progress of the country.
The Order of the Phoenix is awarded to both Greek Nationals (who contributed greatly in the arts & science, industry, commerce, shipping) & to foreign Nationals (Law 180, June 3, 1926).
The Order of Beneficence is an award for both Greek women & foreign citizens (women) contributed greatly to charity & social works (Law 684, May 7, 1948).
All the forementioned orders are awarded to the military personnel also (with the exception of the order of beneficence).
Aristibule Manessis
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(the top Professor of Contitutional Law of the Law School of Athens), was the last Greek who has been awarded with the order of the redeemer (grand commander) at the age of 76 in 1998.
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